Current Research Areas

The following are research areas that have expertise in. The overviews were generated with AI and is divided into the following sections:

  • Wisdom
  • Collective Wisdom
  • Sensemaking
  • Information Ecology
  • Knowledge Management
  • Knowledge Economy
  • Information Literacy
  • Workforce Innovation
  • Mass Customization
  • Personal Learning Networks


Wisdom is a complex and multifaceted concept that has been studied and debated by philosophers, theologians, and psychologists for centuries. It can be broadly defined as the ability to make sound judgments and take effective action in complex, uncertain, and changing situations.

Wisdom is often considered to involve several key elements, including:

  1. Cognitive abilities: Wisdom involves having a deep understanding of the world, being able to see things from multiple perspectives, and making sound judgments based on knowledge and experience.
  2. Emotional regulation: Wisdom involves being able to regulate one’s emotions and manage stress in difficult situations.
  3. Social awareness: Wisdom involves having a deep understanding of human relationships, being able to understand and connect with others, and having empathy.
  4. Pro-social behavior: Wisdom involves taking actions that benefit others, being selfless, and contributing to the common good.

Wisdom can develop over time, through a combination of life experiences, education, and reflection. Some of the key factors that contribute to wisdom development include intellectual curiosity, openness to new experiences, and the ability to reflect on one’s experiences and learn from them.

Wisdom has been linked to several positive outcomes, including better physical and mental health, stronger relationships, and greater life satisfaction. It is also associated with better decision-making, problem-solving, and effective leadership.

Overall, wisdom is a valuable and highly sought-after quality that can bring numerous benefits to individuals and society as a whole. While it may be difficult to define, it can be cultivated and developed through a lifetime of learning and personal growth.

Collective Wistom

Collective wisdom refers to the knowledge, understanding, and insights that are generated and shared among a group of individuals. It is a concept that emphasizes the idea that the collective intelligence and knowledge of a group can often be greater than the sum of its individual members.

The following are some key components of collective wisdom:

  1. Diversity of perspectives: Collective wisdom is built on the diversity of perspectives and experiences of its members. By bringing together individuals with different backgrounds, experiences, and expertise, collective wisdom can draw on a wider range of knowledge and understanding.
  2. Collaboration: Collective wisdom requires collaboration and communication among group members, with each member contributing their own knowledge and expertise.
  3. Facilitation: Collective wisdom is often facilitated by a leader or facilitator who helps to ensure that the group works effectively together and that the collective wisdom is shared and leveraged.
  4. Shared understanding: Collective wisdom requires a shared understanding among group members of the goals, values, and norms that guide their collective decision-making and problem-solving.
  5. Group decision-making: Collective wisdom often involves group decision-making and problem-solving, with the group drawing on its collective knowledge and expertise to make informed decisions.

Collective wisdom can have many benefits, including improved decision-making, increased innovation, and enhanced problem-solving ability. It can also foster a sense of community and collaboration among group members.

However, collective wisdom can also have challenges, including groupthink, the potential for unequal participation, and difficulty in reaching consensus.

Overall, collective wisdom is a powerful concept that recognizes the value of collaboration and the sharing of knowledge and expertise among groups. By leveraging the collective wisdom of a group, individuals and organizations can improve their decision-making, problem-solving ability, and overall effectiveness.


Sensemaking is the process of making sense of complex and ambiguous situations. It refers to the cognitive and social processes that people use to understand, interpret, and make decisions in dynamic and unpredictable situations.

Sensemaking has its roots in organizational behavior, sociology, and psychology, and has been the focus of extensive research over the past few decades. This research has highlighted the importance of sensemaking in various domains, including decision making, organizational change, sensemaking in teams, and sensemaking in crisis situations.

The process of sensemaking involves several key components, including:

  1. Gathering and processing information: Sensemaking starts with collecting data and information from various sources, including people, documents, and digital sources. The information is then processed and analyzed to identify patterns, trends, and relationships.
  2. Interpreting information: This involves assigning meaning to the information that has been collected and processed. People use their prior knowledge and experience, as well as the context in which the information is being used, to interpret the data.
  3. Making decisions: Sensemaking is often used in decision making contexts, where people use the information and interpretations they have generated to make informed decisions.
  4. Reflecting and adjusting: Sensemaking is an iterative process, and people continually reflect on and adjust their understanding of a situation as new information becomes available.

In conclusion, sensemaking is a crucial process in many situations, particularly in complex and dynamic environments where traditional decision-making approaches may not be effective. Understanding and improving sensemaking processes can help individuals and organizations make better decisions and navigate challenging situations more effectively.

Information Ecology

Information ecology refers to the complex and dynamic relationship between information, technology, and people. It encompasses the study of how information flows and is used within organizations, communities, and societies.

The following are some key components of information ecology:

  1. Information flow: Information ecology examines the ways in which information is created, shared, and distributed, including the role of technology in facilitating or inhibiting information flow.
  2. Information architecture: This refers to the design and organization of information, including how it is structured, stored, and accessed.
  3. Human interaction: Information ecology takes into account the role of people in creating, using, and sharing information, and how technology affects these interactions.
  4. Cultural and social norms: Information ecology considers the impact of cultural and social norms on the creation, use, and dissemination of information.
  5. Power dynamics: Information ecology examines the ways in which power is exercised and maintained through control over information and technology.

Information ecology can have a profound impact on organizations, communities, and society as a whole. By understanding the flow and use of information, organizations can improve their information management practices and enhance collaboration and communication.

It is important to note that information ecology is constantly evolving as technology and social norms change. Therefore, it is crucial to continuously monitor and adapt to these changes in order to effectively manage information and technology.

Overall, information ecology provides a holistic and dynamic understanding of the relationship between information, technology, and people, and is a valuable area of study for organizations, communities, and individuals seeking to effectively manage information in the digital age.

Knowledge Management

Knowledge management is the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organization. Its main objective is to enhance the organization’s efficiency and competitiveness by making the best use of knowledge.

The following are some of the key components of knowledge management:

  1. Knowledge creation: This involves generating new knowledge through research, innovation and collaboration.
  2. Knowledge sharing: This involves creating a culture that encourages sharing and collaboration among employees, as well as implementing technological solutions to facilitate the sharing of information.
  3. Knowledge utilization: This involves putting knowledge into practice, for example by using it to improve decision-making, problem-solving and innovation.
  4. Knowledge preservation: This involves ensuring that knowledge is stored and protected in a way that makes it easily accessible and usable in the future.

There are various knowledge management models, including the explicit and tacit knowledge model, the knowledge conversion model, and the knowledge life cycle model. The choice of model will depend on the specific needs of the organization.

To be successful, a knowledge management initiative requires strong leadership, a supportive culture, appropriate technology, and clear processes and policies.

Overall, effective knowledge management can bring numerous benefits to an organization, including improved decision-making, enhanced innovation, and increased organizational learning and memory.

Knowledge Economy

The knowledge economy refers to an economic system in which the production, distribution, and exchange of knowledge and information play a central role. In a knowledge economy, knowledge and information are seen as key drivers of economic growth, and the development and dissemination of new ideas and technologies are critical to competitiveness and innovation.

The following are some key components of the knowledge economy:

  1. Emphasis on knowledge and education: The knowledge economy places a strong emphasis on education and the development of human capital, as knowledge and expertise are critical to economic growth and competitiveness.
  2. Technological advancements: Technological advancements, such as the widespread adoption of the internet and the growth of the digital economy, play a significant role in the knowledge economy.
  3. Intellectual property: In the knowledge economy, intellectual property rights, such as patents, copyrights, and trademarks, play a critical role in protecting and commercializing new ideas and technologies.
  4. Service-based economy: The knowledge economy is often characterized by a shift from a manufacturing-based economy to a service-based economy, where services, such as consulting and financial services, become increasingly important.
  5. Globalization: The knowledge economy is often associated with globalization, as the flow of knowledge, information, and ideas across borders becomes increasingly important for competitiveness and innovation.

The knowledge economy has had a profound impact on the global economy, driving economic growth and competitiveness, and transforming the nature of work and the types of skills required for success.

However, there are also challenges associated with the knowledge economy, such as income inequality, the loss of traditional jobs, and the need to continuously update skills and knowledge in a rapidly changing economy.

Overall, the knowledge economy is a central component of the global economy, and will continue to play a critical role in driving economic growth, competitiveness, and innovation in the 21st century.

Information Literacy

Information literacy is the ability to find, evaluate, and effectively use information. It is a crucial skill for the digital age, as we are constantly inundated with information from a variety of sources.

Information literacy involves several key components:

  1. Finding information: This involves identifying and locating the information you need, using a variety of tools such as search engines, databases, and library catalogs.
  2. Evaluating information: This involves critically assessing the credibility, relevance, and reliability of information sources, including determining the author’s qualifications, the date of publication, and the source’s potential biases.
  3. Using information: This involves incorporating the information into your own work, such as taking notes, summarizing, and synthesizing the information in a way that supports your argument or perspective.
  4. Ethical use of information: This involves respecting the intellectual property rights of others, including proper citation and avoiding plagiarism.

Information literacy is important in many areas of life, including education, employment, and civic engagement. It is a key competency for students, as it helps them to effectively research and complete assignments. It is also important for professionals, as it helps them to make informed decisions and stay current in their field.

Developing information literacy skills takes time and practice. It involves using a variety of information sources and evaluating the information for quality and relevance. It also involves being aware of one’s own biases and learning how to avoid them when evaluating information.

Overall, information literacy is a valuable and necessary skill for the 21st century, and one that can be developed and improved over time with dedication and practice.

Workforce Innovation

Workforce innovation refers to the process of introducing new and creative ideas, practices, and technologies into the workplace to improve organizational performance and competitiveness. It can encompass a wide range of initiatives, including new product development, process improvements, organizational structure changes, and the adoption of new technologies.

The following are some key components of workforce innovation:

  1. Employee involvement: Encouraging employees to contribute their ideas and suggestions for improvement can lead to a more innovative and engaged workforce.
  2. Creativity and risk-taking: Encouraging employees to think creatively and embrace new ideas, even if they involve taking risks, can foster a culture of innovation.
  3. Leadership and culture: A supportive leadership style and organizational culture that values and encourages innovation can play a significant role in fostering an innovative workforce.
  4. Technology adoption: The adoption of new and emerging technologies can play a significant role in improving organizational performance and competitiveness.
  5. Continuous improvement: Encouraging a continuous improvement mindset, where employees are encouraged to identify areas for improvement and to continuously test and refine new ideas, can lead to sustained innovation.

Workforce innovation can have a significant impact on organizational performance and competitiveness, by improving efficiency, increasing productivity, and driving growth. It can also lead to a more engaged and motivated workforce, as employees feel valued and empowered to contribute to the organization’s success.

However, implementing workforce innovation can be challenging and requires a concerted effort from leadership, employees, and other stakeholders. It requires a culture that values and encourages innovation, as well as the adoption of best practices and technologies to support the innovation process.

Overall, workforce innovation is a crucial component of organizational success in the 21st century, and requires a concerted effort from all stakeholders to foster a culture of innovation and to effectively implement new ideas and practices.

Mass Customization

Mass customization refers to the production of goods and services that are tailored to individual customer requirements, while still being produced and delivered at the scale and efficiency of mass production. It is a paradigm shift from the traditional mass production model, where goods and services are standardized and produced in large quantities, to a model that combines the efficiency of mass production with the flexibility of customization.

The following are some key components of mass customization:

  1. Customer involvement: Mass customization involves a high degree of customer involvement, with customers having the ability to specify the features and characteristics of the products and services they purchase.
  2. Technology: The widespread adoption of technology, such as the internet, has enabled mass customization by making it easier for customers to specify their requirements and for companies to manage and track the production of customized goods and services.
  3. Process innovation: Mass customization requires process innovation and the development of new and flexible production methods that can accommodate a high degree of customization while still being efficient and cost-effective.
  4. Supply chain management: Effective supply chain management is critical to the success of mass customization, as it allows companies to manage the flow of materials, components, and finished products to meet customer requirements.
  5. Data management: Mass customization requires the ability to manage large amounts of data, such as customer preferences and production information, to effectively tailor products and services to individual customer requirements.

Mass customization has many benefits, including increased customer satisfaction, improved brand loyalty, and increased competitiveness. It also enables companies to differentiate themselves from competitors and to better meet the needs of their customers.

However, mass customization can also be challenging, as it requires significant investment in technology, process innovation, and data management, and can result in increased costs and complexity.

Overall, mass customization is a key component of modern production and is increasingly being adopted by companies as a way to improve customer satisfaction and competitiveness in a rapidly changing global economy.

Personal Learning Networks

A personal learning network (PLN) is a collection of individuals, resources, and technologies that an individual uses to support their own learning and professional development. PLNs are formed and maintained by individuals, and are designed to provide them with access to diverse perspectives, resources, and expertise that they might not have access to otherwise.

The following are some key components of personal learning networks:

  1. Connections with peers and experts: A PLN typically includes connections with peers and experts in an individual’s field or area of interest, providing them with access to diverse perspectives and knowledge.
  2. Use of social media and technology: PLNs are often facilitated by technology, such as social media platforms, blogs, and discussion forums, which allow individuals to connect and share information with one another.
  3. Diverse sources of information: PLNs provide access to a wide range of information sources, including traditional sources such as books and articles, as well as newer sources such as podcasts and online courses.
  4. Continuous learning: PLNs support continuous learning by providing individuals with access to ongoing information, resources, and opportunities to grow their knowledge and skills.
  5. Professional development: PLNs can also support professional development by providing individuals with access to opportunities for networking, collaboration, and professional growth.

Personal learning networks can have many benefits, including increased access to information and knowledge, improved skills and expertise, and increased professional opportunities. They can also provide a sense of community and support for learning and professional development.

However, personal learning networks also have some challenges, including information overload, the need to filter and evaluate information, and the potential for echo chambers and limited perspectives.

Overall, personal learning networks are an important tool for individuals seeking to support their own learning and professional development, and can play a critical role in helping individuals navigate a rapidly changing knowledge economy.